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Democracy Monument

The Democracy Monument is a significant historical landmark in Bangkok, Thailand’s capital.

It is situated in the heart of the city, specifically at the intersection of Ratchadamnoen Avenue and Phra Pinklao Road, near the old quarter of Bangkok.

The monument is an iconic symbol of Thailand’s transition from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy and represents the country’s progress toward Democracy.

History and Design

The Democracy Monument was commissioned in 1939 to commemorate the Siamese Revolution of 1932, which marked the end of absolute monarchy in Thailand.

Thai architect Mew Aphaiwong designed the monument to blend Western and traditional Thai architectural elements uniquely.

It is characterized by its tall central obelisk surrounded by four statues representing the principles of liberty, equality, fraternity, and Democracy.

Central Obelisk

The central obelisk is about 24 meters (79 feet) tall and is adorned with intricate carvings and decorations.

It is a prominent monument feature and symbolizes the nation’s transition to Democracy.

Four Wing-Like Structures

Surrounding the central obelisk are four wing-like structures, each bearing a statue.

These statues symbolize essential aspects of the 1932 revolution:

The East Wing represents Democracy and features a statue of a group of people holding up a Constitution.

The South Wing symbolizes the People’s Rights and depicts a farmer, a worker, and an intellectual.

The West Wing represents the 1932 Revolution and features an armed forces figure holding a sword.

The North Wing symbolizes the Economy and depicts a mother and child.


The Democracy Monument is a powerful symbol of Thailand’s transition to a constitutional monarchy and the introduction of democratic principles in the country’s governance.

It serves as a reminder of the events that led to establishing a constitutional government system and the absolute monarchy’s end.

Cultural and Historical Importance

The monument is a historical landmark and a cultural and political symbol.

It has been the site of various political demonstrations and events throughout Thailand’s modern history.

It is often used as a gathering place for political rallies and protests, reflecting the importance of democratic ideals in the country.


The Democracy Monument is easily accessible and located near many other significant landmarks in Bangkok, making it a popular spot for tourists and locals.

Visitors to Bangkok often stop at the Democracy Monument to admire its architecture, learn about its historical significance, and appreciate its role in Thailand’s political and cultural landscape.

It is a testament to the country’s journey toward Democracy and remains integral to Thailand’s national identity.

Democracy Monument
LocationRatchadamnoen Avenue, Bangkok, Thailand
HistoryCommemorates the Siamese Revolution of 1932
ArchitectMew Aphaiwong
Year Built1939
ArchitectureCombines Western and Thai architectural elements
Central Obelisk HeightApproximately 24 meters (79 feet)
SymbolismRepresents democracy, liberty, equality, fraternity, and the 1932 revolution
SignificanceSymbolizes Thailand’s transition to a constitutional monarchy and democratic governance
AccessibilityEasily accessible, near other significant landmarks in Bangkok


The Democracy Monument in Bangkok was commissioned in 1939 to commemorate the Siamese Revolution 1932, marking Thailand’s transition from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy.

Thailand is officially a constitutional monarchy with a democratic system of government. However, it has experienced periods of military rule, leading to debates about the state of democracy in the country.

Thailand is a democratic country with a constitutional monarchy.

It is not a communist nation.

However, political ideologies and movements within Thailand have varied over the years, and the country’s political landscape can change.


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